Documentation

Usage

Picture Element

For inserting a responsive <picture> element in your template, use the get_picture function or the get-picture API endpoint with the available parameters.

PHP
ResponsivePics::get_picture(id, sizes, classes, lazyload, intrinsic);
REST API
GET /wp-json/responsive-pics/v1/get-picture/<id>?sizes=<sizes>&classes=<classes>&lazyload=<lazyload>&intrinsic=<intrinsic>
Picture Parameters
Parameter Type Required Default Definition
id number yes The WordPress image id (e.g. 1).
sizes string yes A comma-separated string of preferred image sizes (e.g. 'xs-12, sm-6, md-4, lg-3'). See the Sizes section for more information.
classes string optional null A comma-separated string of additional CSS classes you want to add to the picture element (e.g. 'my_picture_class' or 'my_picture_class, my_second_picture_class').
lazyload boolean optional false When true enables lazyload classes and data-srcset attributes. See the Lazyloading section for more information.
intrinsic boolean optional false When true enables intrinsic classes and data-aspectratio attributes. See the Intrinsic Aspectratio section for more information.

Image Element

For inserting a responsive <img> element in your template, use the get_image function or the get-image API endpoint with the available parameters.

PHP
ResponsivePics::get_image(id, sizes, crop, classes, lazyload, lqip);
REST API
GET /wp-json/responsive-pics/v1/get-image/<id>?sizes=<sizes>&crop=<crop>&classes=<classes>&lazyload=<lazyload>&lqip=<lqip>
Image Parameters
Parameter Type Required Default Definition
id number yes The WordPress image id (e.g. 1).
sizes string yes A comma-separated string of preferred image sizes (e.g. 'xs-12, sm-6, md-4, lg-3'). See the Sizes section for more information.
crop number or string optional false A crop-factor of the width for the desired height within the default range of 0-2 (e.g. 0.75) with (optional) crop positions (e.g. 0.75|c t). See the Cropping section for more information.
classes string optional null A comma-separated string of additional CSS classes you want to add to the image element (e.g. 'my_img_class' or 'my_img_class, my_second_img_class').
lazyload boolean optional false When true enables lazyload classes and data-srcset attributes. See the Lazyloading section for more information.
lqip boolean optional false When true enables LQIP classes and src attribute. See the LQIP section for more information.

Background Image

For inserting a responsive background image in your template, use the get_background function or the get-background API endpoint with the available parameters.

PHP
ResponsivePics::get_background(id, sizes, classes);
REST API
GET /wp-json/responsive-pics/v1/get-background/<id>?sizes=<sizes>&classes=<classes>
Background Parameters
Parameter Type Required Default Definition
id number yes The WordPress image id (e.g. 1).
sizes string yes A comma-separated string of preferred image sizes (e.g. 'xs-12, sm-6, md-4, lg-3').
classes string optional null A comma-separated string of additional CSS classes you want to add to the background element (e.g. 'my_bg_class' or 'my_bg_class, my_second_bg_class').

Supported image formats

The following image file formats are supported:

File format MIME Type Properties
jp(e)g image/jpeg
webp image/webp Requires WordPress version 5.8 or higher
png image/png When the png contains an alpha channel, an extra 'has-alpha' class will be added to the picture image element for additional styling.
gif image/gif When the gif is animated (it will check for multiple header frames), no image resizing or cropping will be done to prevent discarding the animation.

Any other image formats, will not be resizes or cropped.

Sizes

Image sizes

The following syntax is available for each image size in the sizes parameter:

breakpoint:width
Parameter Type Required Default Definition
breakpoint number or string yes If undefined, and width is a number, breakpoint will be the same as the width. If undefined, and width is a column definition, breakpoint will be the corresponding breakpoint (e.g. if width is 'xs-8', breakpoint will be 'xs').
width number or string yes A column definition is a key in $grid_widths plus a dash and a column span number (e.g. 'xs-8'). If column span number is full, the full width of the next matching $breakpoint is used (e.g. 'xs-full')

Picture & background sizes

Since the <picture> element and background images support art directed images, the following full syntax is available for each image size in the sizes parameter:

breakpoint:width [/factor|height]|crop_x crop_y
Parameter Type Required Default Definition
breakpoint number or string yes If undefined, and width is a number, breakpoint will be the same as the width. If undefined, and width is a column definition, breakpoint will be the corresponding breakpoint (e.g. if width is 'xs-8', breakpoint will be 'xs').
width number or string yes The desired (max) width of the image (e.g. 800). A column definition is a key in $grid_widths plus a dash and a column span number (e.g. 'xs-8'). If column span number is full, the full width of the next matching $breakpoint is used (e.g. 'xs-full')
height number optional The desired (max) height of the image (e.g. 500)
factor number optional A crop-factor of the width for the desired height within the default range of 0-2 (e.g. 0.75)
crop_x number or string optional c Crop position in horizontal direction (e.g. c). See the Cropping section for more information.
crop_y number or string optional c Crop position in vertical direction (e.g. b). See the Cropping section for more information.

Cropping

Crop position shorthands

You can use the following crop position shorthands in horizontal direction (x):

And in vertical direction (y):

  • t: top
  • c: center
  • b: bottom

If the vertical direction is not set, the horizontal direction x will be treated as a shortcut:

  • c: center center
  • t: top center
  • r: right center
  • b: center bottom
  • l: left center
  • f: focal point (See the Focal Point section for more information)

Crop position percentages

You can also use percentages as valid crop position syntax:

  • 75 10: 75% from left, 10% from top
  • 25 80: 25% from left, 80% from top
  • 50 100: 50% from left, 100% from top (equals center bottom)

In this case both the coordinates x and y need to be passed.

Focal Point

When you want to crop an image but keep a certain area of the image in view, you can use the f(ocal) shorthand feature. In order to set this focal area of an image, we added a focal point picker interface to several views of the WordPress media framework.

Attachment Details

When clicking on a thumbnail from the WordPress Media Library grid view, you will see the Attachment details modal. This will be the most accurate view to select your focal point:

Responsive Pics focal foint picker

Featured Image

When setting or replacing an featured image in a page or post, you will see the Featured image modal. In this view you can select your focal point in the thumbnail at the top of the right sidebar:

Responsive Pics focal point picker

Edit Image

When uploading or editing an image in the WYSIWYG editor or meta field in a page or post, you will see the Edit image modal. In this view you can select your focal point in the thumbnail at the top left:

Responsive Pics focal point picker

There are 3 ways you can set the focal point of an image with the interface:

  • By directly clicking on the desired focal point in the image.
  • By dragging and dropping the focal point circle element on the image.
  • By entering the Focal Point X & Y-axis values as percentages directly in the attachment input fields.

By using one of these options a post meta key named responsive_pics_focal_point will be added or updated to the attachment with an array value containing the x & y coordinates as percentages:

[
  'x' => '86',
  'y' => '39'
]

To use this value elsewhere in your theme, you can retrieve it by calling:

$focal_point = get_post_meta($attachment_id, 'responsive_pics_focal_point', true);

Process

  1. When visiting a front-end page and a ResponsivePics function call is made, this library will add the resize and/or crop image task as a job to the background process queue using Action Scheduler.
  2. On every page load or on the next cron interval, Action Scheduler will run the next batch of jobs in the background process queue. See the Cron section for more information.
  3. When a job is up next in the queue and ready to be processed it will execute the resize and/or crop task and save the image in the same location as the original image when successful and it will remove the job from the queue.
  4. Once the image variation is created, it will skip the process of that variation on the next page load.
  5. When you change one of the image size parameters, it will automatically try and create the new image variation on the next page load.
  6. When the original image does not meet the dimension requirements of the requested image size, it will skip that image size variation and proceed to the next image size.
  7. Alt text will automatically be added on the picture img element if the original image in the media library has one.

Background Processing

The background processing library Action Scheduler has a built in administration screen for monitoring, debugging and manually triggering scheduled image resize jobs. The administration interface is accesible via:

Tools > Scheduled Actions

Every resize job will be grouped by it’s wordpress image id.

Cron

When you are using the built-in WP-Cron, the background process queue will only process any tasks on every page load.

If you have disabled WP-Cron in your setup and you are using your own cron job on your server, Action Scheduler will use the interval set in that cron job to process the next batch of jobs.

define('DISABLE_WP_CRON', true);

If you’re using Trellis like us ❤️, the default cron interval is set to every 15 mins.
You could override this to for example 1 mins with an environment variable per wordpress site like this:

In for example trellis/group_vars/development/wordpress_sites.yml:

wordpress_sites:
  example.com:
    site_hosts:
      - canonical: example.test
        redirects:
          - www.example.test
    local_path: ../site # path targeting local Bedrock site directory (relative to Ansible root)
    admin_email: admin@example.test
    multisite:
      enabled: false
    ssl:
      enabled: false
      provider: self-signed
    cache:
      enabled: false
    cron:
      interval: 1

In trellis/roles/wordpress-setup/tasks/main.yml:

- name: Setup WP system cron
  cron:
    name: "{{ item.key }} WordPress cron"
    minute: "*/{{ item.value.cron.interval | default(15) }}"
    user: "{{ web_user }}"
    job: "cd {{ www_root }}/{{ item.key }}/{{ item.value.current_path | default('current') }} && wp cron event run --due-now > /dev/null 2>&1"
    cron_file: "wordpress-{{ item.key | replace('.', '_') }}"
    state: "{{ (cron_enabled and not item.value.multisite.enabled) | ternary('present', 'absent') }}"
  with_dict: "{{ wordpress_sites }}"

Don’t forget to re-provision your server after changing this value.

Error handling

If an error occurs during the resizing process or if there’s invalid syntax, ResponsivePics will display or return an error.

PHP
ResponsivePics errors
- breakpoint xxs is neither defined nor a number
REST API
{
  "code": "responsive_pics_invalid",
  "message": "breakpoint xxs is neither defined nor a number",
  "data": {
    "xs": 0,
    "sm": 576,
    "md": 768,
    "lg": 992,
    "xl": 1200,
    "xxl": 1400
  }
}

Features

Lazyloading

When enabling the lazyload option in the ResponsivePics::get_picture() or ResponsivePics::get_image() functions or API endpoints, this library automatically:

  • adds a lazyload class to the <img> element.
  • swaps the srcset with data-srcset attributes on the picture <source> or the <img> elements.

This will enable you to use a lazy loading plugin such as Lazysizes or Lozad.

You can also set your own lazyload class by passing it to ResponsivePics library in your theme’s functions.php:

if (class_exists('ResponsivePics')) {
	ResponsivePics::setLazyLoadClass('lozad');
}

To install Lazysizes in your wordpress theme as a node module, run the following command from your theme directory:

npm

npm install --save lazysizes

Yarn

yarn add lazysizes

And import the package in your theme’s global javascript file:

import 'lazysizes';

see example

LQIP (Low Quality Image Placeholder)

When enabling the lqip option in the ResponsivePics::get_image() function or /responsive-pics/v1/get-image API endpoint, this library automatically:

  • adds a blur-up class to the <img> element.
  • adds a fallback src attribute on the <img> element with a low quality placeholder image with a default width of 100px.

This will enable you to style your placeholder image before the actual high quality image is loaded.

You can also set your own lqip class by passing it to ResponsivePics library in your theme’s functions.php:

if (class_exists('ResponsivePics')) {
	ResponsivePics::setLqipClass('blurred');
}

see example

Intrinsic Aspectratio

When enabling the intrinsic option in the ResponsivePics::get_picture() function or /responsive-pics/v1/get-picture API endpoint, this library automatically:

  • adds a intrinsic class to the <picture> element and a intrinsic__item class to the picture <img> element.
  • adds data-aspectratio attributes on the picture <source> and <img> elements with the calculated source image ratio.

This will enable you to pre-occupy the space needed for an image by calculating the height from the image width or the width from the height with an intrinsic plugin such as the lazysizes aspectratio extension.

To use the Lazysizes aspectratio extension in your wordpress theme, first install lazysizes as a node module as described in the Lazyloading section and import the extension in your theme’s global javascript file:

import 'lazysizes/plugins/aspectratio/ls.aspectratio.js';

see example